Toenail Fungal Infection

Dermatophytic Toenail Fungal Infection – Causes, Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention

Dermatophytosis is also known as toenail fungus, nail-infection syndrome or toenail-on-toes. If you have acquired a condition called dermatophytosis, it means that you have developed a fungal infection on the surface of your nails. This infection occurs at the base of the nail and causes discoloration and scaling. Dermatophytosis is common in people who are exposed to high moisture levels, such as those who work outdoors or frequently sweat. It is also common among people with wet skin, due to humidity and constant exposure from bathing or showering. People who have diabetes are also more likely have dermatophytosis because their nails tend to be more sensitive due to prolonged exposure to dry air and friction from wearing shoes all day long.

Dermatophytosis – Causes & Symptoms

You acquire a condition called dermatophytosis when you have a fungus on your nails. These fungi are often called dermatophytes and are found in a variety of damp places, like in soil, bathroom tiles, gym equipment or even your own body. They cause infections of different parts of the body and are very common among people who are in close contact with these places, such as athletes, farmers, veterinarians, nurses, etc. Another possible cause of dermatophytosis is a weakened immune system; if you have a disease that weakens your immune system, you are more likely to acquire a fungal infection. There are various causes of dermatophytosis. Some of them are listed below. – Hormonal changes, like pregnancy or menopause – Growth of the fungus in the body – Contact with infected people or objects – Drugs or other medications – Exposure to certain chemicals – Diabetes – Occupation, like farmers or athletes – Aging – Certain health conditions like Crohn’s disease or HIV

Dermatophytosis – Diagnosis & Treatment

In order to diagnose dermatophytosis, your doctor will ask you a few questions and perform a physical examination. Like any other nail disorder, your doctor will take a sample of your nails to look for the fungus. The condition can be treated with local antifungal creams, oral prescription medications and/or laser treatment. The treatment option depends on the stage of the condition. In the early stages, dermatophytosis can be cured with antifungal creams. These creams contain substances like terbinafine, itraconazole or ketoconazole. These medications are taken orally or applied topically. You should avoid using harsh soaps or detergents on your nails as these can remove the medication from your nails and lead to relapse. You should also avoid getting your nails cut as this can spread the infection to others. In the late stages of dermatophytosis, oral medications and/or laser treatment may be required. The medications are taken daily for a minimum of three months for effective treatment. If available, visiting a podiatrist for foot treatment can be very effective in curing your toenail fungus.

Prognosis & Recovery After Dermatophytosis

There is no specific cure for dermatophytosis; however, it can be treated successfully with oral medications and/or laser treatment or by applying kerassentials oil. The infection can be cured in more than 80% of cases when it is detected in the early stages. After treatment, the nails will usually recover with no sign of damage. If the fungus is left untreated, the infection may be more severe and may lead to yellowish nails and/or infection of the foot. In such cases, the toenails may be thickened, misshapen and discolored. There are various things that you can do to minimize the risk of contracting toenail fungus. The most important of these is to keep your nails clean. Cleaning your nails regularly with soapy water is one of the best ways to prevent fungal infections from taking hold. You can also clean your nails with a soft brush or nail brush. Every month, you should file your nails too, as this helps to keep them shorter and cleaner. You should also avoid wearing open-toed shoes for long periods of time, which can lead to the transfer of fungus from your toenails to your feet through sweaty socks.

Reducing Risk Factors for Dermatophytosis

While dermatophytosis is considered to be a rather uncommon condition, it is important to note that it can occur more often in people who have certain risk factors. These include people who are very active in hot and humid environments, such as athletes or farmers, those with weak immune systems, such as people with HIV infection or those with diabetes, and those who wear open-toed shoes for a long period of time. You can lower your risk of developing dermatophytosis by actively avoiding these risk factors. People who work in hot and humid environments, such as farmers, should protect their nails from becoming infected by wearing gloves or using nail clippers. This will prevent you from transferring the fungus from your nails to your hands. You should also try to change your clothes immediately after being in a very damp or wet place, such as a swimming pool.

Tips to Avoid Toenail Fungal Infection

– Always keep your nails clean and short. Avoid using harsh soaps or detergents that can easily remove medication from your nails. – Dry your nails properly after taking a shower or bath. Do not use a towel to dry your hands as this will leave your nails wet and vulnerable to becoming infected. – Wear clean shoes. This is very important in preventing the transfer of fungus from your nails to your feet. – Perform regular nail inspections. Look at your nails every day and if you notice any discoloration or swelling, get it checked immediately. – Avoid sharing personal items, such as towels, razors and nail clippers, with people who have dermatophytosis. – If you are suffering from dermatophytosis, consult your doctor. They will recommend the best treatment option for you.


Dermatophytosis is a common condition that causes your nails to become infected with fungi. This condition can be diagnosed with a nail sample and a fungal culture may be performed to look for the fungus. You can lower your risk of developing toenail fungus by following a few simple guidelines regarding your nails and feet. Keep your nails short and clean, especially after taking a shower. Dry your nails properly and avoid walking in wet shoes. Avoid sharing towels, razors and nail clippers with people who have dermatophytrotis. If you are infected, seek treatment as soon as possible.

About Author

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *