Dandruff is a common cosmetic problem that affects 40-60% of adults worldwide. Yeast fungi of the genus Malassezia provoke its occurrence, which begin to actively multiply under favorable conditions, which causes irritation of the scalp and disrupts its metabolic processes.
The fungus Malassezia is present on the scalp of all people, and only about 50% are sensitive to its enzymes.
Dandruff is not an independent disease, but a sign of a malfunction of the body, which is often accompanied by a slowdown in hair growth and hair loss. It appears in people with a wide variety of hair types, but people with an oily type are most prone. Therefore, in order to find out how to get rid of dandruff on the head, it is worth identifying the problem that caused it to appear and solve it.
Dandruff appears in two forms:
- Oily dandruff or seborrheic dermatitis: greasy yellow flakes or scales form on the scalp, which adhere to each other in layers and accumulate on the surface of the scalp. The cause of the occurrence is excessive production of sebum (sebum secretion).
- Dry dandruff: dry white flakes or flakes form on the scalp, which easily fall off the skin and hair.
The main symptoms of dandruff
- White scales of keratinized cells form over the entire surface of the scalp and hair, which can be seen on a comb, clothes or pillowcase.
- There is irritation of the scalp, itching, a feeling of tightness, microcracks.
- Hair fades, weakens, becomes thinner, electrified, loses volume and healthy appearance.
- The scalp becomes too oily or, conversely, dry.
- Yellow crusts may form, spots may appear.
Causes of dandruff
Dandruff occurs when the cell renewal process of the scalp is accelerated: normally, the life cycle of cells is approximately 28 days, and with the development of dandruff, it is reduced to 7-20 days. This leads to increased desquamation of the cells of the stratum corneum, which stick together into visible flakes.
Other causes of dandruff may include:
- improper hair care, overdrying of the scalp, insufficiently frequent shampooing;
- violations of the acid-base balance (pH) of the skin;
- unhealthy diet, deficiency of vitamins A and group B;
- decreased skin immunity;
- nervous strain, psycho-emotional stressful situations;
- violation of the gastrointestinal tract and metabolic processes;
- hormonal imbalance, disruption of the endocrine system;
- disruption of the sebaceous glands;
- imbalance of microflora (increase in pathogenic bacteria);
- fungal diseases;
- influence of negative environmental factors;
- hereditary predisposition.
How to get rid of dandruff?
The main recommendations for the treatment of dandruff:
- Contact a trichologist. How to treat the scalp should be determined by the doctor, since the type and effectiveness of therapy directly depend on the correct identification of the cause. After the initial examination, the doctor may additionally prescribe a consultation with an endocrinologist, gastroenterologist, allergist and even a psychotherapist, since dandruff can be a symptom of various diseases, for example: psoriasis, shingles, head lice and others.
- Exclude negative external factors: cold, overheated air, excessive use of hair dryers and curling irons, paint or hair care that cause allergies.
- Change the diet: exclude spicy and fatty foods, sweets and starchy foods. Replace them with fresh fruits, vegetables, cereals and other foods rich in healthy fats and acids. Enrich your diet with vitamins A, C and B.
- Provide hair and scalp with sufficient home care. Buy specialized products for cleansing the scalp from excess sebum and the stratum corneum of the epidermis: shampoos, conditioners, peels, lotions.
How to get rid of dandruff with the help of salon procedures?
Salon procedures are also an effective method in the fight against dandruff. Of course, you should not expect an instant miracle from them, because care has a cumulative effect, visible only after several sessions. However, the experts of the MyBeauty online appointment service for beauty salons recommend paying attention to the following methods of preventing and treating dandruff:
- Peeling of the scalp. After such cleaning, the condition of the scalp improves, hair growth accelerates, and the penetration of useful components and nutrients into the hair follicle increases.
- Biorevitalization. Injections moisturize the skin, promote cell regeneration and improve hair condition. Used to prevent disease.
- Mesotherapy. Helps to fight serious skin problems such as seborrhea and even baldness, as it has a greater amount of nutritional components.
- Orising (Orising) – a process of deep cleansing and moisturizing, with the help of an individually selected phyto essential cosmetic Orising. This is not a standard salon procedure, but a multi-level comprehensive care that will help you restore the health and beauty of your hair and scalp. A more delicate method of dealing with dandruff and dry scalp, especially if you are afraid of injections.
How to get rid of dandruff at home?
If the symptoms of dandruff are mild, you can try to get rid of them at home, using natural remedies. Here is a list of what will help get rid of dandruff:
- Aloe vera for dandruff
Aloe vera has antibacterial and antifungal properties. As a result, it can reduce inflammation and relieve symptoms of dandruff.
Recipe: Rub a small amount of aloe vera into the scalp before shampooing.
- Olive oil for dandruff
Olive oil prevents flaking by moisturizing dry areas of the scalp. In addition, it sticks together small individual flakes of dandruff, making it difficult for them to fall out.
Recipe: Olive oil must be heated and rubbed daily into the scalp before going to bed. To prevent oily hair from staining the bed, you can cover your head with a paper bag, and wash your hair with shampoo the next morning.
- Ginger for dandruff
Ginger activates hair growth and has anti-inflammatory properties. In addition, ginger rhizomes contain essential oils that stimulate blood circulation, so when in contact with the scalp, the nutrition of the hair follicles improves.
Recipe: Peel and grate the ginger shoot, then squeeze the juice out of the resulting mass. Add 100 ml of sesame oil to the juice (moisturizes the scalp and hair well) and mix, then apply the product on the skin for 30 minutes. Wash your hair with shampoo.
- Henna for dandruff
Henna is used to treat dandruff in its early stages. It reduces the oiliness of the hair, acting as a conditioner.
Recipe: mix equal amounts (preferably one teaspoon each) of colorless henna, lemon juice, tea powder and hair oil. Apply the mixture on the scalp, then rinse with shampoo.
- Tea tree oil for dandruff
Tea tree oil has antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties that can help reduce the severity and symptoms of dandruff.
Recipe: A few drops of tea tree oil should be mixed with a single dose of shampoo and applied to the hair. Leave on for 15 minutes, then rinse with water.
- Neem leaves (Indian plant) for dandruff
The Indian plant neem has antifungal, antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties. It relieves the skin from itching and stops the rapid growth of pathogenic bacteria that cause dandruff. Neem leaves can be purchased at specialized stores.
Recipe: Boil neem leaves for 30 minutes, then grind to a paste consistency. Apply to the skin for 30-60 minutes and rinse with water.
- Omega 3 for dandruff
Omega-3 fatty acids are important for skin health. They promote wound healing and prevent premature aging. A deficiency in these acids can cause a range of symptoms, including dry hair, skin, and dandruff. Omega-3 fatty acids also reduce inflammation, which means: reduce irritation and dandruff symptoms.
Fatty fish – salmon, trout and mackerel – are an excellent source of fatty acids. You can also take fish oil capsules or increase your intake of other omega-3 rich foods like flaxseed, chia seeds, and walnuts.
- Visit a beautician, dermatologist or trichologist who will determine your hair and scalp type, select the appropriate cosmetic products and give care recommendations.
- Choose care products according to your hair type and needs. Shampoos for oily hair contain drying ingredients, for dry hair – moisturizing and nourishing.
- Wash your hair as it gets dirty. Use cleansers with mild, hypoallergenic formulas based on natural soothing and revitalizing ingredients.
- Choose sulfate-free formulas labeled “SLS free” if you have a sensitive scalp. They are softer and more delicate.
- Do not abuse styling products such as varnish or mousse. Choose sparing cosmetics and hair dyes, avoid complex styling.
- Apply masks and conditioners, retreating 2-5 cm from the roots, because the remnants of care can provoke dehydration and an allergic reaction of the scalp.
In this article, we figured out the main causes and ways to deal with dandruff. While this can be a frustrating problem, there are many remedies that can reduce symptoms and provide relief. Even simple ingredients, most of which are in every home, can help beat this cosmetic ailment forever.
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